Cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) incorporates principles associated with information processing and learning theories. A basic assumption of CBT is the recognition that there is a reciprocal relationship between clients’ cognitive processes (what they think) and their affect (emotional experience), physiology, and behavior. Although CB treatments for individual disorders differ in both their form and application, they all emphasize the importance of changing cognitions and behaviors as a way of reducing symptoms and improving the functioning of the affected person.
Cognitive-behavioral coping skills treatment (CBT) is a short-term, focused approach to helping cocaine-dependent individuals (In this manual, the term cocaine abuser or cocaine-dependent individual is used to refer to individuals who meet DSM-IV criteria for cocaine abuse or dependence.) become abstinent from cocaine and other substances. The underlying assumption is that learning processes play an important role in the development and continuation of cocaine abuse and dependence. These same learning processes can be used to help individuals reduce their drug use.