Fructose and the Metabolic Syndrome: Pathophysiology and Molecular Mechanisms


OBESITY -- Research
METABOLIC syndrome
FRUCTOSE -- Physiological aspects
INSULIN resistance
NF-kappa B (DNA-binding protein)
PROTEIN-tyrosine phosphatase
TUMOR necrosis factor
NUTRITION -- Research

Abstract:Emerging evidence suggests that increased dietary consumption of fructose in Western society may be a potentially important factor in the growing rates of obesity and the metabolic syndrome. This review will discuss fructose-induced perturbations in cell signaling and inflammatory cascades in insulin-sensitive tissues. In particular, the roles of cellular signaling molecules including nuclear factor kappa B (NFkB), tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-?), c-Jun amino terminal kinase 1 (JNK-1), protein tyrosine phosphatase 1B (PTP-1B), phosphatase and tensin homolog deleted on chromosome ten (PTEN), liver X receptor (LXR), farnesoid X receptor (FXR), and sterol regulatory element-binding protein-1c (SREBP-1c) will be addressed. Considering the prevalence and seriousness of the metabolic syndrome, further research on the underlying molecular mechanisms and preventative and curative strategies is warranted.

Share this with your friends
Fructose and the Metabolic Syndrome-- Pathophysiology and Molecular Mechanisms.pdf224.1 KB