Nutrition Recommendations for the Treatment and Prevention of Type 2 Diabetes

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Nutrition Recommendations for the Treatment and Prevention of Type 2 Diabetes and the Metabolic Syndrome: An Evidenced-Based Review. NUTRITION -- Requirements

EVIDENCE-based medicine
NON-insulin-dependent diabetes
DIABETES -- Prevention
DIABETES -- Treatment
ENDOCRINE glands -- Diseases
METABOLIC syndrome
CLINICAL medicine -- Decision making
NUTRITION -- Research

Abstract:The article discusses the nutritional recommendations for the prevention and treatment of type-2 diabetes and metabolic syndrome under the evidence-based medicine. In parallel with the development of evidence-based medicine, nutritional management is required to be based on evidence-based nutrition. Studies have proved that reduction of energy intake and increase of energy expenditure along with the right body weight will improve insulin sensitivity, glucose tolerance and reduce lipid levels and blood pressure. Also, prospective studies have shown an increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes in those who have a high proportion of saturated fatty acids in their plasma lipid esters compatible with a high dietary intake of saturated fat. Conversely, those who exercise regularly, are not overweight, and have a high proportion of linoleic acid have a reduced risk of developing type-2 diabetes.

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