How Effective Are Lifestyle Changes in the Prevention of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus?

Tagged:  

NON-insulin-dependent diabetes -- Prevention
HEALTH behavior -- Research
INSULIN resistance
DIABETES -- Complications -- Risk factors
DIABETES -- Research
HYPERTENSION -- Risk factors
CORONARY heart disease -- Risk factors
OBESITY -- Research
GLUCOSE tolerance tests
BODY weight -- Physiological aspects
NUTRITION -- Research

Abstract:Obesity and impaired glucose tolerance are associated with a greater risk for a number of conditions, including insulin resistance, diabetes mellitus, hypertension, dyslipidemia, coagulation abnormalities, inflammatory markers, and coronary heart disease. Lifestyle changes can delay or prevent the development of type 2 diabetes in patients with obesity and impaired glucose tolerance. The risks improve with weight loss and increased physical activity. A decrease of 7% to 10% or more from baseline weight can have a significant effect. This has now been documented in a number of randomized, controlled studies.

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