5 Common Diseases and The Symptoms You Should Look For

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As people get older, it is common for them to develop different health conditions that need to be cared for. Knowing the symptoms and signs of some of the more severe diseases and conditions can help to reduce their impact. For example, catching cancer before it spread to other parts of the body. These five common diseases can be treated, but you should take preventive measures to help reduce the chances of developing them in the first place.

1. Diabetes

There are two different types of diabetes that can affect people. These are type 1 diabetes which is where the body cannot produce enough insulin because the immune system attacks the cells that produce it. The other is type 2 diabetes, where either your body does not react to the insulin that your body is producing, or your body simply doesn’t produce enough insulin.

There are several signs that you may be able to spot that are commonly associated with diabetes. Some of the most common warning signs are frequent urination or urine infections, constant fatigue and feeling tired or weak and still feeling hungry, even after eating a full meal. If you think you are showing signs of these symptoms, you should book an appointment with your medical professional.

Diabetes is a manageable disease, and some of the best ways to manage it are to do regular exercise, make sure you keep a healthy and balanced diet and test your blood regularly so that you can keep your blood glucose balanced.

2. Cancer

The chances of people developing cancer at some stage in their life is increasing, so it’s important to be aware of the symptoms and the effects it can have on your body. The most common types of cancer are lung cancer, breast cancer, prostate cancer and bowel cancer; however, there are now over 200 different types of cancer that are known of.

When somebody has cancer, it can quite often spread to other parts of the body if left undiagnosed. Cancer cells start growing in one part of the body and reproduce, destroying the healthy tissue around it. As well as these soft tissues, cancer can also spread into vital organs.

Some of the symptoms that you should be aware of that could be a sign of cancer include changes to your bowel habits, going to the toilet more frequently, a lump that appears somewhere on your body or unexplained bleeding. There are a number of different tests that are carried out to identify different forms of cancer in different parts of the body.

Two of the best ways you can help to reduce the risk of developing cancer is to exercise regularly in line with the CDC guideline and eat a healthy diet. If you are a smoker, you should try to quit smoking as this is becoming one of the leading causes of cancer. Excessive alcohol abuse can also be a contributing cause.

3. Dementia

Dementia is a disease of the brain, and the symptoms are reasonably well known. People may experience memory problems or have problems with processing information. Another symptom is that people may begin having communication issues, repeating themselves or struggling to hold a conversation.

One way to help combat dementia and other brain-related diseases is to keep the brain active. One of the best ways this can be done is through academic study. It’s thought that challenging your brain to learn new skills and forge new neural pathways makes it harder for neurological diseases to take hold and alter parts of your brain.

It can be challenging to find the time to study if you are already working full time, but there are solutions if it’s something you are interested in pursuing. Universities now offer a number of online courses that you can take through distance learning. These range from full masters degrees in medicine and nursing like a post masters FNP through to entry-level qualifications in sectors like accounting and marketing.

4. Heart Disease

Heart disease is sometimes referred to as cardiovascular disease and can be used to describe a range of conditions that affect the heart. Heart disease, in particular, describes conditions such as coronary artery disease, heart defects that you may have had since birth and problems that are associated with the rhythm of your heart.

Coronary heart disease is concerned with the blood vessels around the heart. Build-ups of fatty substances in the arteries restrict blood flow to the heart making it work harder to pump blood around the body. There are five main symptoms that can be associated with coronary heart disease which are chest pain, breathlessness, heart palpitations, heart attacks, and heart failure.

To treat coronary heart disease, there are lifestyle changes that you can make, including doing regular exercise and giving up smoking. Although it cannot be cured, it can be managed through the use of medication, angioplasty and in some cases, through surgery.

5. Arthritis

Arthritis is a very common condition that affects millions of people all over the world. It causes pain in the joints which can also be made worse when they become inflamed. There are many different types of arthritis that you need to be aware of, with the two most common being osteoarthritis which is the most common type and is associated with people aged 40 or over.

The other type of arthritis is called rheumatoid arthritis which is less common but still affects many people in their lifetime. This is where the body's immune system fights against joints that are affected which leads to great discomfort due to excessive pain and swelling.

Symptoms to look out for include joint pain and restricted movement of the joints. You may also notice warm red skin over affected joints and in some cases, you may even find muscle wasting. There is currently no cure for arthritis, but treatments that can be used to help slow it down and from spreading are medication, surgery, and physiotherapy.

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